July 28 is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 156 days remaining until the end of the year.

What happened today?

1609 – Bermuda is first settled by survivors of the English ship Sea Venture en route to Virginia

1821 – Jose de San Martin declares the independence of Peru from Spain 

1896 – The city of Miami, Florida is incorporated

1914 – World War I: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia after Serbia rejects the conditions of an ultimatum sent by Austria on July 23 following the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand

1933 – Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Spain are established

1935 – First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

1942 – World War II: Soviet leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227 in response to alarming German advances into the Soviet Union. Under the order all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so were to be immediately executed

1976 – The Tangshan earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2  moment magnitude flattens Tangshen, the People’s Republic of China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851

1993 – Andorra joins the United Nations

2001 – Australian Ian Thorpe becomes the first swimmer to win six gold medals at a single World Championships

2005 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army calls an end to its thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland

2008 – The historic Grand Pier in Weston-super-Mare burns down for the second time in 80 years